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ROYAL MALAYSIAN NAVY - HISTORY

The RMNR has its own history. The formation of the Straits Settlement Naval Volunteer Reserve (SSNVR) in Singapore by the British Government on April 27,1934, was the start off point for both the RMNR and also the Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN). The unit was set-up to assist in defending and protecting the territorial waters of the Malay Peninsular in view of the political turbulence at that time. When World War II broke out in 1939, the British government had to strengthen its Naval Force in this region to protect the security of Singapore and Federation of Malaya. The members of SSNVR were then ordered to serve full-time. With members consisting of ex-SSNVR and new recruits, of which, all were Malay youths, the "Malay Section of The Royal Navy" was formed. It was also known as the Royal Malay Navy, or Malay Navy. The unit took off with a strength of 400 men who had undergone training at the training camp, HMMS PELANDOK, a British Naval Base in Singapore.


This unit soon expanded the following year and by 1941, it had 1 450 personnel. During World War II, they served under the British flagship in Indian Ocean and the Pacific. When World War II ended, only 650 men reported back for duty. Many of them died and some were missing in action during the war. In l947, the British government disbanded this unit due to the economic turmoil and also due to the peaceful era.

 

Not long after the section was disbanded, the British government realised that the defence of the Malayan territorial waters was crucial and in addition to that with a state of emergency declared in the Federation of Malaya, the British government was pushed to reinstate the formation of a naval unit consisting of local citizens. This unit was formed in l949 and given the name "Malayan Naval Forces". A number of personnels who joined this new unit were the ex-servicemen from the Malay Section of the Royal Navy that was dissolved. In l953 HRH Queen Elizabeth II awarded the Royal status to the Navy and from then on, it was known as the "Royal Malayan Navy (RMN)" or "Tentera Laut Diraja Malaya (TLDM)" (in Malay).

 

When the Federation of Malaya achieved independence on August 31, 1957, the British government handed over the Royal Malayan Navy to Malayan Government. The official handing over ceremony was held on July 1, l958 and since then, all RMN Ships hoist their own colours. With the Formation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963, the Royal Malayan Navy assumed its new title the "Royal Malaysian Navy".



Sejarah Ringkas

Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia bermula dengan pembentukan Tentera Laut Sukarelawan Simpanan Negeri Selat (TLSSNS) - Straits Settlement Naval Volunteer Reserve - yang telah ditubuhkan oleh kerajaan kolonial British di Tanah Melayu pada 27 April 1934 di Singapura. TLSSNS ditubuhkan untuk membantu Royal Navy mempertahankan kawasan perairan Tanah Melayu ekoran perkembangan dan pergolakkan politik di Asia di mana Empayar Jepun sedang memperluaskan kuasa dan pengaruhnya.

Apabil Perang Dunia Ke-2 meletus di Eropah, TLSSNS telah meningkatkan pengrekrutan demi mengukuhkan pertahanan Tanah Melayu memandangkan aset-aset Royal Navy diperlukan di medan operasi Eropah. TLSSNS juga telah dikerahkan untuk perkhidmatan aktif sebagai unit Royal Navy Malay Section, ataupun Malay Navy dengan kekuatan seramai 400 orang anggota. Golongan ini telah menjalani latihan di kem latihan HMS Pelandok. Keanggotaan Malay Navy kemudiannya meningkat kepada 1450 orang apabila perang meletus di Asia Tenggara.

          Sepanjang Perang Dunia ke-2, Malay Navy berkhidmat di bawah Tentera Bersekutu atau lebih tepat lagi di bawah panji-panji Royal British Navy. Malay Navy berkhidmat bersama Royal Navy di medan operasi di Lautan Hindi dan Pasifik. Apabila perang tamat dengan penyerahan kalah Jepun pada tahun 1945 hanya 600 anggota melapor diri semula. Pada tahun 1947, Malay Navy terpaksa dibubarkan akibat kemelesetan ekonomi.

HMS MALAYA Woodlands, Singapura

Pada 24 Disember 1948, Darurat diisytiharkan di Tanah Melayu akibat ancaman pengganas komunis. Menyedari kepentingannya, pihak British mengaktifkan semula Malay Navy dan dikenali sebagai Malayan Naval Forces (MNF). Tarikh 4 Mac 1949 menyaksikan hari perasmian dan penubuhan MNF yang berpangkalan di HMS Malaya,Woodlands, Singapura.

Misi utama MNF ialah pengawasan pesisir pantai bagi menghalang pengganas komunis daripada memperoleh bantuan bekalan melalui jalan laut. Angkatan ini juga diberi tugas mengawal laluan ke Singapura dan pelabuhan-pelabuhan lain. MNF juga dibekalkan dengan sebuah Frigat kelas River HMS Test yang turut digunakan sebagai kapal latihan. Pada bulan 29 Ogos 1952, Her Royal Honesty Queen Elizabeth (Ratu Elizabeth 2) telah mengurniakan gelaran ‘Diraja’ kepada MNF, menjadikan MNF kini dikenali sebagai Tentera Laut Diraja Malaya (Royal Malayan Navy) di atas perkhidmatan MNF yang cemerlang.

Pada 5hb Ogos 1955 Ketua Menteri Singapura, David Marshall telah melawat Pangkalan Woodlands. Beliau marasa kagum dengan perkembangan pesat di pangkalan itu. Dalam tahun itu juga beberapa buah kapal Royal Malayan Navy telah menyertai beberapa siri latihan dengan Royal Navy dan Tentera Laut negara Komanwel yang lain. Tugas-tugas yang dilakukan oleh Royal Malayan Navy di tahun lima puluhan tertumpu kepada mengawal keselamatan perairan Tanah Melayu dan juga Singapura. Kapal-kapal Royal Malayan Navy sentiasa meronda di sekitar kawasan perairan pantai bagi menghalang kegiatan penyeludupan senjata api kepada pengganas komunis. Dalam masa darurat tumpuan rondaan ialah di perairan Pengerang Batu Pahat, di mana kegiatan pengganas komunis dipercayai berleluasa. Sementara itu HMMS PELANDOK banyak membantu dalam rondaan di sekitar kawasan pantai Semenanjung Tanah Melayu dan juga memberi bantuan kepada anggota-anggota polis dengan membuat tembakan dari laut.

Apabila Tanah Melayu mencapai kemerdekaan pada 31hb Ogos 1957, perkara utama yang difikirkan oleh pemimpin-pemimpinnya ialah mengenai keselamatan negara. Peristiwa Tanah Melayu dijajah Jepun pada tahun 1941 telah menjadi pengajaran supaya ia tidak berulang setelah negara mencapai kemerdekaan. Kemerdekaan Tanah Melayu menamatkan penjajahan British dan sekaligus kuasa mutlak berpindah sepenuhnya kepada pemimpin negara. Ini termasuklah juga dalam hal ehwal keselamatan yang masih lagi dirunding bagi menentukan penempatan pasukan tentera di Tanah Melayu.

         Royal Malayan Navy akhirnya diserahkan secara rasmi kepada kerajaan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu pada 12 Julai 1958. Penaikkan bendera Tentera Laut Persekutuan secara rasminya menandakan Roayal Malayan Navy memikul tanggung jawab untuk mempertahankan perairan Persekutuan. Royal Malayan Navy memulakan tugasnya hanya dengan sebuah pangkalan pusat di HMS Malaya Woodland, Singapura dan sebuah armada kecil yang terdiri daripada sebuah kapal LCT, 2 buah kapal penyapu ranjau (minesweeper) kelas HAM, dan 7 buah kapal patrol.



Active Image
Jeti Tentera Laut Diraja Malaya di    
Woodlands, Singapura                                                     






Active Image 
Pangkalan TLDM Woodland, Singapura










Sekali lagi pada 16 Sep 1963, pasukan ini dikenali sebagai Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia dan agronim ‘HMMS’ (Her Majesty’s Malayan Ship) telah ditukar ke ‘KD’ bermaksud Kapal Diraja. Apabila TLDM diserahkan sepenuhnya kepada Kerajaan Malaysia pada 1 Jul 1958, ia mula berkembang dengan penuh pesat dan cemerlang. Sewaktu pemerintahan Panglima Tentera Laut yang Pertama, salah satu usaha beliau yang boleh dijadikan sejarah ialah perancangan untuk memindahkan Pangkalan TLDM Woodlands ke Lumut. Usaha beliau telah menjadi realiti dan rancangan ini telah mula direalisasikan pada tahun 1979. Walaupun tapuk pemerintahan Tentera Laut bertukar ganti, wawasan yang sedia ada tetap dilaksanakan dengan jayanya oleh Panglima-Panglima seterusnya.


Active ImageTetamu Istimewa: Commodore Thanabalasingam menjemput ketibaan Tunku Abd Rahman di Pangkalan TLDM Woodlands, Singapura pada tahun 1970
 




         




Namun demikian,
Pangkalan TLDM Woodlands masih lagi beroperasi sebagai pangkalan bantuan logistik kepada kapal-kapal yang beroperasi di bahagian selatan semenanjung. Pangkalan ini dinamakan ‘BEREK TLDM WOODLANDS’ dan diletakkan bawah organisasi pemerintahan Markas Wilayah Laut 1.


Active ImageUpacara tradisi di Pangkalan TLDM  Woodlands, Singapura











Active Image
Ensign Berkibar di Pangkalan TLDM Woodlands,Singapura
         Manakala Pusat Latihan Rekrut terus dilaksanakan di KD PELANDOK, Pangkalan TLDM Lumut. Dengan bertambahnya pelatih yang mengikuti kursus-kursus kerjaya termasuk pendekatan yang diambil oleh TLDM untuk mengasingkan pelatih-pelatih muda ini, sekali lagi Pusat Latihan Rekrut telah berpindah ke Berek TLDM Woodlands di Singapura dalam tahun 1984, iaitu selepas perpindahan KD MALAYA ke Lumut. Pusat Latihan Rekrut berada di bawah organisasi KD PELANDOK sementara Berek TLDM Woodlands yang bertindak sebagai unit Bantuan masih di bawah pemerintahan MAWILLA 1. Pada tahun 1996, Pusat Latihan Rekrut telah dikenali dengan nama Fakulti Rekrut (FAREK). Ini adalah sinambungan dari perubahan yang dibuat oleh KD PELANDOK.  

        Pada pertengahan tahun 1994, berita paling hangat tersebar ke serata tempat. Pangkalan TLDM Woodlands akan diserahkan kepada Kerajaan Singapura. Akhirnya, berita tersebut menjadi realiti apabila Tg Pengelih yang terletak lebih kurang 129 km dari Bandar Johor Baharu telah terpilih untuk dijadikan pusat latihan yang baru dengan singkatan PULAREK TLDM. Seterusnya, penyerahan Berek TLDM Woodlands kepada Kerajaan Singapura telah dilaksanakan pada 3 Dis 1997.
          
Last Updated ( Friday, 09 November 2007 )

History

PREPARING THE KD MALAYA ENSIGN


Aims & Objectivs
Activities

HISTORY OF ROYAL MALAYSIAN NAVY RESERVE (RMNR) UNIThttp://maf.mod.gov.my/homepage/navy/homepage/HIST.html)


FOR ANY ENQUIRIES PLEASE CONTACT :

WEBSITE

http://mikirid.page.tl/ 

E - MAIL :

mikirid@yahoo.com.my 

OR CALLS

CHIEF PETTY OFFICER MIKI

Mobile No. 6012 - 6304871 - (MALAYSIA)

The RMNR has its own history. The formation of the Straits Settlement Naval Volunteer Reserve (SSNVR) in Singapore by the British Government on April 27,1934, was the start off point for both the RMNR and also the Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN). The unit was set-up to assist in defending and protecting the territorial waters of the Malay Peninsular in view of the political turbulence at that time. When World War II broke out in 1939, the British government had to strengthen its Naval Force in this region to protect the security of Singapore and Federation of Malaya. The members of SSNVR were then ordered to serve full-time. With members consisting of ex-SSNVR and new recruits, of which, all were Malay youths, the "Malay Section of The Royal Navy" was formed. It was also known as the Royal Malay Navy, or Malay Navy. The unit took off with a strength of 400 men who had undergone training at the training camp, HMMS PELANDOK, a British Naval Base in Singapore.


This unit soon expanded the following year and by 1941, it had 1 450 personnel. During World War II, they served under the British flagship in Indian Ocean and the Pacific. When World War II ended, only 650 men reported back for duty. Many of them died and some were missing in action during the war. In l947, the British government disbanded this unit due to the economic turmoil and also due to the peaceful era.

 

Not long after the section was disbanded, the British government realised that the defence of the Malayan territorial waters was crucial and in addition to that with a state of emergency declared in the Federation of Malaya, the British government was pushed to reinstate the formation of a naval unit consisting of local citizens. This unit was formed in l949 and given the name "Malayan Naval Forces". A number of personnels who joined this new unit were the ex-servicemen from the Malay Section of the Royal Navy that was dissolved. In l953 HRH Queen Elizabeth II awarded the Royal status to the Navy and from then on, it was known as the "Royal Malayan Navy (RMN)" or "Tentera Laut Diraja Malaya (TLDM)" (in Malay).

 

When the Federation of Malaya achieved independence on August 31, 1957, the British government handed over the Royal Malayan Navy to Malayan Government. The official handing over ceremony was held on July 1, l958 and since then, all RMN Ships hoist their own colours. With the Formation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963, the Royal Malayan Navy assumed its new title the "Royal Malaysian Navy".

(Source:

 

Further Development of PSSTLDM

The RMNR now popularly known as PSSTLDM has developed tremendously with 9 units that had been set up throughout Malaysia. The units are KD Sri Pinang (Penang), KD Sri Manjung (Perak), KD Sri Klang (Kuala Lumpur), KD Sri Medini (Johore), KD Sri Kuantan (Pahang), PSTL Kuching (Sarawak), KD Sri Labuan (Labuan), KD Sri Sandakan (Sabah) and KD Sri Sebatik (Tawau, Sabah). Research is still being conducted on the development of PSSTLDM from 1957 onwards. I hope to put to put it up as soon as possible. Aims & ObjectivesTOP


ActivitiesTOP 



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